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On the Uzbek Converb Construction Starting with olib, its Reanalysis, and its Grammaticalisation

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Converb constructions are widely used in Uzbek, as in many other Turkic languages. A less studied type of converb construction is the one which can be referred to as the Converb Construction of Motion (CCM). In this article, firstly, four groups of Uzbek CCMs are distinguished and it is argued that the CCMs starting with olib, the converb of the verb ol- (‘take’), constitute an important subgroup within the second group. It is further claimed that these olib CCMs are unique in that their first converb shows signs of grammaticalisation, accompanied by reanalysis. Based on data from a monolingual Uzbek corpus, a specific path is tracked down, leading through a number of syntactic levels from the use of the converb as a clause chaining device to its final univerbation with the following verb. It is demonstrated that the different levels of this process exhibit different morphosyntactic, prosodic and/or phonological behaviours. Reanalysis is especially apparent in the transition from a biclausal syntactic structure to a monoclausal structure, while the changes occurring in a set of parameters allow us to characterise the entire process as grammaticalisation.

與所有土耳其語言一樣,烏茲別克語經常使用連桿動詞.甚少被研究過的『運 動連桿動詞』也是其中一種的連桿動詞。本文首先分析四組烏茲別克語的『運 動連桿動詞』,olib 就是取自 ol- 『拿』的重要分組之一。接著,本文進一步 說明此類連桿動詞的獨特之處在於其第一部分說明語法規則和再分析。根據烏 茲別克語的文獻顯示,一個特殊的做法能被追蹤,因為按照不同的句法層次, 每個連桿動詞經過單動詞化連接前後的動詞。每一層次表示不同的形態、韻律 以及語音屬性。從雙分句句法演變到單分句句法的過程中,重新分析更為明 顯.而且一組參數之內的變化使我們認識到語法化的全部過程。

Ghent University - Universiteit Gent

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