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The Political Vagabondage of the Chinggisid and Timurid Contenders to the Throne and Others in Post-Mongol Central Asia and the Qipchaq Steppe: A Comprehensive Study of Qazaqlïq, or the Qazaq Way of Life // 成吉思汗大帝國後的哈薩克生活方式

Pages 59 - 95


The topic under scrutiny for this article is the qazaqlïq phenomenon in Central Asian nomadic societies. While a number of Turkologists and historians have provided
definitions of the terms qazaq and qazaqlïq, this paper will attempt to reconstruct the usage of the term by making use of diverse primary sources
of post-Mongol period. Temür (Tamerlane), Muḥammad Shībānī Khan, and Ẓahīr al-Dīn Muḥammad Babur, who founded the Timurid empire, Uzbek khanate, and Mughal empire, respectively,
all experienced periods of political vagabondage in their careers before coming to power. For the sake of political expedience, they had to separate themselves from their own
states, and wander with their followers through remote regions, not unlike wayfaring knights. As charismatic leaders, and having gathered a loyal band of warriors, they were
frequently able to rise to power. These prominent political figures belonging to the Chinggisid and Timurid lineages, inter alia, are referred to as qazaqs, and
their political vagabondage as qazaqlïq – the “qazaq way of life”.

本文以中亞遊牧社會中的『哈薩克』生活方式為題,使用蒙古大帝國以後的不 同文獻探討一種突厥學以及歷史學的定義。帖木兒(察合台汗國)、穆罕默 德·昔班尼汗(布哈拉汗國)以及查希爾丁·穆罕默德·巴布爾(莫臥兒帝國) 成為大領導前都經過一種以發現自己的生存技能和領導潛力為目的的流浪生活。 這些英雄依靠自己的魅力漸漸集合忠誠的勇士,並常常能夠崛起至權力巔峯。
此類領導人物時成吉思汗及鐵木爾的血脈後裔,被世人稱為『哈薩克』,而且 他們的特殊的政治流浪生涯被称为以 qazaqlïq,既『哈薩克式生活』 (قاز اقلق)。

University of Toronto


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