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Buddhist and Christian Relay Posts on the Silk Road (9th–12th cc.)

Fu Ma (馬 付)


Pages 239 - 256

DOI https://doi.org/10.13173/centasiaj.63.1-2.0239




With the decline of Tang Empire in the 8th century, the unitary postal system
connecting China proper with the Hexi corridor and eastern Central Asia ceased
to function. Buddhist and Christian communities took up the role with their
networks that transcended the boundaries of states. Buddhist and Christian monks
were entrusted with diplomatic and commercial duties as official envoys and sent
to distant states via their own religious networks. Monasteries along the main
routes filled the gaps left by the former relay posts, especially in relatively
isolated areas where no civilian conurbations existed. Akin to the prevalent
Buddhism, the Christian network also extended to most regions in east Central
Asia and Gansu by the 9–10 cc. This was centrally organised under the leadership
of the metropolitan in Merv, resulting in highly efficient communications within
these regions, as well as with western Central Asia and northern Asia.




唐朝瓦瘝後期絲綢之爑上佛、景教的斥站


濝結箩中原、河皁犐廊和中亞東漘的統一的漋斥系統在8世紀中箷瓦瘝。佛教和基督教教團利用其牻牶政權壁壘的網絡填眤了帝國漋斥系統的缺失。僧人睕
地方政权委任爲使翻ô利用各縖的宗教网络前往异国執瞴外交和濦商的任務。 絲綢之爑沿線的寺榞用於接待來使ô發揮了曘斥的作用ô在政權潶緣澠曠之地
作用尤箩。緹流瞴在當地的佛教一樣ô景教網絡也可発笵中亞東漘和河皁犐廊 的大多數地區。不同在於ô上瀐各地的景教教團統一組織在以木憁大主教為中
心的攬系中ô可以稷此緹中亞皁漘以及北亞的教團直接溝濦。


樤沋疢:中亞、景教、佛教、絲綢之爑、使翻、曘斥


北京大學 Peking University (Beijing)

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