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A Shamanistic Exclamation in the Yenisei Inscriptions: Çök! // 關於葉呢塞文獻中薩滿教吶喊『Çök!』一詞


Pages 13 - 17

DOI https://doi.org/10.13173/centasiaj.60.1-2.0013




The shamanistic exclamation read as çök, possibly transliterated as çẅk, was in all likelihood an exclamation during sacrificial rites. Inscribed into objects discovered in today's Tuva and Khakassia regions, a significant number of these Yenisei inscriptions have been analysed to date, which provides the basis for a tentative interpretation in the present article. Here, the focus will be on a word which is mentioned in three Yenisei inscriptions and which has been interpreted in very different ways: çök. Repeated regularly during shamanistic rituals, it assumes the significance of the Abrahamic ‘Amen!’. In order to confirm this assumption, its use in the contemporary Turkic rituals in southern Siberia will also be analysed.



薩滿教中吶喊讀作『çök』,有時亦被譯作『çwk』,在犧牲祭祀意識中被廣 泛使用。本文主要討論近期俄羅斯聯邦圖瓦共和國及哈斯卡共和國中發現的, 將文本刻入物體內部的碑文或銘文。學界基於與本文材料類似的葉尼賽民族語 碑文的分析文章已有數篇,爲本文提供了分析與闡釋的基礎。本文重點討論的 çök 一詞,在三種不同的額葉尼賽碑文中都曾出現,但學界對其的闡釋很大不 同。此詞多次且規律的出現於薩滿教儀式之中,被假設與亞布拉罕裔宗教中的 ‘阿門’具有同樣的重要性。爲了證明此假設,本文亦將與其同時代的南西伯 利亞地區的突厥儀式進行對比研究。


İnönü University – İnönü Üniversitesi (Malatya)

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